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Almond

Almond is a fruit tree which fruits have very high biological value. The almond nuts are not only tasty, but they are also used in the medicine, cosmetics, etc., for the preparation of various medical and cosmetic products, while its shells are used for stylish and extraordinary decorations for the home.

Almond likes warmth and light and therefore it grows and develops best in regions with warmer climate.

If you intend to grow almond orchards it is good to know that this fruit tree grows well on all types of soil and endures drought. It is recommendable to choose a place, which is slightly inclined, looking northwards, and thus you will have one well growing and developing almond orchard.

Before planting the trees it is necessary to clean the land well and to fertilize it, as the almonds require a well aerated soil.

The planting of the almond trees is done at a distance between the rows of 6-7 meters, and at a distance up to 4-5 m within the rows.

Although they endure drought, the almond orchards require regular irrigation, if you would like to harvest a good production. Here in our country, the quantity of rainfalls is insufficient for the provision of enough moisture for the almond trees; therefore the irrigation of the orchards is of crucial importance during the months July – August.

The correct trimming of the almond tree can provide you a larger quantity of fruits by the almond orchards. The types of trimmings suitable for this tree are: free growing crown, improved cuplike crown and improved layered crown.

The almond tree is susceptible to diseases like stigmina carpophila, brown rot, orange leaf spots, etc., which can considerably reduce the fruit harvest by the almond orchards. In order to prevent these losses you should treat the trees with plant protective preparations.